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지니넷


한국어는 동사만으로도 문장이 완성되지만, 영어는 주부/술부를 모두 가져야 문장이 된다.

명사 + 동사 + 명사(형용사) + [전치사 + 명사]*
 S      V     C/O

She is a student.               She is a good student.
                                She is a student who attend(=goes to) middle school.
She is beautiful.
I love you.
I finished my homework.
I saw her on the street.        I saw car accident on the way to school.
On the street I saw her.

They enjoyed food (from other countries).
The teacher emphasized words (in the chapter 1).
The manager knew the result (about the new product).
We refunded the clothes (at the store).
The teacher emphasized words / in the chapter 1 / for the test / at the school.
The video shop sells the game packs / about children's puzzle / with other video tapes / for some extra money / after 2 pm / from Monday / to Friday .
To like him is difficult.

동일한 단어가 동사로 쓰인 경우, 명사로 쓰인 경우, 형용사로 쓰인 경우

I love you.
Please accept my love.

Would you like some more juice?
I juiced fresh oranges myself.

A lie begets a lie.
Our eyes may lie to us.

The well is very deep. (명사; 우물)
He is well now.        (형용사; 건강한)
I know it well.        (부사; 잘)



subject(주어), verb(서술어,동사), complement(보어), object(목적어)

1. S + V                   He exercise in ther garden.            완전자동사
2. S + V + S.C             He is a musician.                      불완전자동사
3. S + V + O               I want to swim in the river.           완전타동사
4. S + V + I.O + D.O       He gave me the book. = He gave the book to me.   수여동사
5. S + V + O + O.C         I will make Tom go to the library.     불완전타동사

1. The supervisor rests.
2. The supervisor is generous.
3. The supervisor carries the key.
4. The supervisor gave me the key.
5. The supervisor made the key usable.

1. The chief supervisor who is working with us rests in a sofa after lunch.
2. The head supervisor is working with us is generous to everyone.
3. The tall supervisor who controls the machine from Monday to Friday carries the key until the closing the hours.
4.


■ make

I'll make for victory.           1형식, go
I'll make a good wife.           2형식, become
I'll make a cake for you.        3형식,
I'll make you a cake.            4형식, 수여동사, 만들어 주다,  IO≠DO
I'll make you a good doctor.     5형식, 되게 하다              O=OC   명사보어(동일)
I'll make you happy.                                                형용사보어(설명)

2,5형식에 쓰이는 보어는 주어와 목적어의 뜻을 보충 설명해주는 역할을 한다. 그러므로 이때 주어/목적어와 보어의 관계는 주술 관계이다.
  * be 동사를 넣어 문장이 만들어진다.
  I am a good wife.
  You are happy.

수여 동사 (for)
Making something to others is a pleasure for me.

■ make it

I made it. 성공하다; 해내다
They could make it to the train. 시간에 맞추다




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